Henry Harris Lines, a successful drawing master and landscape artist, became interested in archaeology after moving to Worcester from Birmingham in the 1830s. Worcester at this period was an inspiring city for an artist. Both Constable and Turner visited Worcester undertaking the newly fashionable sketching tours; HH Lines and fellow Birmingham artist David Cox formed a sketching trip themselves in 1830. The search for knowledge, especially in the arts and sciences, became widespread during the early nineteenth century, partly due to the increasing view that education would better the individual.
This drawing shows HH Lines’ 1869 detailed investigation of the earth works at British Camp on the Malvern Hills, which is an iron age hill fort believed to have been first built in the 2nd century BC. Lines’ archaeological findings were first published in Berrows Journal.
It was in the early 1900s that Lines’ daughter Elizabeth presented Worcester City Art Gallery with a fine collection of his pictures, including this drawing.
It’s interesting to compare Lines’ drawing to that of Pitt Rivers, a more high profile archaeologist, made ten years later. A printed copy is also in the city collection: