Portrait of Oliver Cromwell attributed to Wyke Bayliss (1835-1906)

Web Cromwell (c) Museums WorcestershireThe final battle of the English Civil War was fought and decided on the streets of Worcester in 1651. The brilliant strategy and exceptional force of Oliver Cromwell’s Parliamentary troops won the day.

While Cromwell was busy trying to cross the river at Powick, William, 2nd Duke of Hamilton, Commander of the Royalist army and King Charles led a charge up Red Hill to try to capture the Parliamentary guns. Initial progress was good, pushing the gunners away from their weapons.

But Oliver Cromwell rushed back to command a counter attack. The tide turned and Hamilton was shot through the thigh. His lines had been broken and his men began a retreat back into Worcester.

Cromwell’s Essex Militia reached Fort Royal and turned the Royalist guns onto the retreating men. Charles was forced to flee for his life and back into exile.

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